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Adverbs

English Language Arts, Grade 4

 
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An adverb is a word that usually modifies (describes) a verb. An adverb tells when, where, how, and to what extent the action occurs. An adverb sometimes modifies an adjective or another adverb. My cousin is the most beautiful girl in her class. (Beautiful is an adjective modifying the noun girl; most is the adverb modifying beautiful.) The comparative form of an adverb uses the word more as in more rapidly. Use this form to compare two people or things. James swam more rapidly than Morgan. The superlative form of an adverb uses the word most as in most quietly. Use this form to compare three or more people or things. In the choir, Timothy sang the most quietly. Irregular Adverb Forms Memorize these as they don’t follow the rules. Frequency and Time Adverbs That Don’t End in -ly These are frequency adverbs: always, often, sometimes, seldom, and never. These are time adverbs: now, soon, today, tomorrow, yesterday, then, and later. Adverbs that do not end in -ly form the comparative by adding –er to the word. I found that winning this match was harder than the previous one. Adverbs that do not end in –ly form the superlative by adding –est to the word. Of all the girls on the bowling team, Janelle arrived the latest. Many adverbs end with –ly: deliberately, fortunately, innocently, usually, wearily He held the stack of boxes awkwardly. (Awkwardly tells how he is holding the boxes.) The bench had been recently painted. (Recently is an adverb describing when the bench was painted.) Adverb Comparative Form Superlative Form (they end in st) badly worse worst little less least many, much more most well better best Adverbs Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 92-4079
Circle the adverb(s) in each sentence. Underline the word(s) that it modifies. 1. The bomb seriously wounded the soldier’s leg. 2. She brushed past the boy, rudely bumping his shoulder. 3. My parents never received my report card. 4. The noise in the bushes made Jackson crawl more hurriedly. 5. Miles says that splitting wood is easier than shoveling snow. 6. To shorten your speech, remove the two least important points. 7. He did worse in the one-mile run than Henry did. 8. That is the most heartless thing I’ve ever heard anyone say! 9. Yesterday Alex was coughing noisily. 10. Of the team members, Sheila drove the farthest. 11. Bryan held his breath the longest. 12. We always order a pizza on Friday nights. Adverbs Visit www.newpathlearning.com for Online Learning Resources. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 92-4079
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