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All About Minerals Vocabulary Review

Earth Science - Middle School

Key Vocabulary Terms © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4660 Visit for Online Learning Resources. cleavage the way some minerals break on flat planes crystal a solid substance with molecules arranged in a repeated pattern fracture the way a mineral looks when it breaks along irregular surfaces gemstone a mineral that is often polished and worn in jewelry, valued for its rarity and beauty inorganic a nonliving substance that is not formed from any previously living materials luster a physical property of minerals that describes the way light reflects off of a mineral’s surface metamorphism the geologic processes by which a rock or mineral is turned into another due to intense heat and pressure mineral a solid, inorganic material with a crystal structure that is formed by natural processes Mohs Hardness Scale a scale that ranks ten minerals from softest to hardest mineral deposits ore deposits (veins) magma chamber ore rock that contains metals or minerals that are economically profitable gneiss sandstone granite marble rock a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals that sometimes contains organic materials smelting a process that involves melting ore to separate useful metals and minerals from the other mined elements specific gravity a measure of a mineral’s density; determined by comparing the mass of a mineral to the mass of an equal volume of water streak the color of a mineral when it is crushed to a powder; usually seen by rubbing the mineral specimen on a piece of unglazed porcelain called a streak plate
Key Vocabulary Terms Mapping a Term Define it! Use it in a sentence! Draw it! Provide examples! ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. 94-4660 Visit for Online Learning Resources. Term __________________________________________________________
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